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Monthly Archives: May 2017


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Bulletin de veille science et technologie – Ambassade de France en Australie – Science and Technology Newsletter – Embassy of France in Australia

The Embassy of France is delighted to send you the Science and Technology Newsletter for May 2017.

L’Ambassade de France en Australie a le plaisir de vous adresser l’édition de mai 2017 du bulletin de veille Science et Technologie édité par le poste.

 

Bulletin ST-mai 2017

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CSIRO-INRA linkages : starch hydrolysis by α-amylases

Starch is a versatile product. In addition to being a major source of carbohydrates in people’s diets it has well over 700 non-food derived applications, such as in bulking agents, paper and adhesive.

Many biological and industrial processes, such as mammal digestion, plant metabolism and biofuel production, rely on the hydrolysis of native starch by amylolytic enzymes. These enzymes, represented mostly by α-amylases, break down the starch macromolecules to small carbohydrates and finally simple glucose molecules.

The Cereal Quality Group of CSIRO Agriculture and Food, based in Canberra, together with INRA Unité de Recherches Biopolymères, Interactions et Assemblages in Nantes, have developed a strong common interest in studying the impact of α-amylase in cereal quality and food production.

One such research interest is the beneficial effects α-amylase on bread quality and malting. It is thought that the addition of α-amylase results in the production of fermentable sugar, via starch hydrolysis, thereby fuelling fermentation. In baking, it contributes to shorter fermentation and increases loaf volume.

At the laboratory scale, it has been shown that starch digestion is governed by (1) the type of enzyme digesting the starch. (Each enzyme has a proper mode of action depending on the specific substrate) and (2) the structure and morphology of the starch granule. However, the influence of starch structure on amylolysis in industrial processes remains unclear.

In collaboration with Synchrotron SOLEIL (Paris), researchers have used the unique high-resolution UV imaging setup of the DISCO beamline to localize at high resolution, α-amylase action on starch without staining or use of a fluorescent probe. Like a precise amylase GPS, this has enabled researchers to follow, live and in 3D, the mode of action of a-amylase and the associated morphological changes of starch granules at different stages of their hydrolysis.

As part of the CSIRO/INRA linkage, researchers are now developing a model using a large wheat populations that will predict the degradability of wheat starches by industry grade baking improver α-amylases. This model would make possible to predict starch degradability by commercial α-amylases based on genetic information or structural analysis. It would also provide valuable information on new ways to tailor starch for industrial purposes, for both baking and malting as well as green chemistry and biofuel production.

 

Kamal KANSOU, Materials Processing and Behavior team, Bioplymeres Interactions Assemblages

Dr Jean-Philippe Ral, Cereal Quality, Crop improvement for novel products

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IMPACT7’s call for research innovators

IMPACT7 is a new event to be held on 1 August at Melbourne’s Meat Market.

The organisers, SlatteryIT, are looking for research innovators to present their projects to industry and public. Their focus is on projects that are solving wicked problems and producing research with impact in one of IMPACT7’s 7 Challenges.

Each successful applicant will receive important feedback and guidance, the chance to win a host of valuable prizes, and opportunities to network with leaders across Australian industry, research, and government.

Please encourage your most innovative researchers to take a look at www.impact7.com.au/apply

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Other prizes, funding, and opportunities

$80,000 GSK Award for Research Excellence 2017

The GSK Award for Research Excellence is a long-standing and prestigious award which supports outstanding Australian research.

The Award, with its accompanying grant of $80,000, has played a part in assisting some of Australia’s most important leaders and innovators in the medical research sphere. Its focus is on helping support career development with an emphasis on human health and Australian research.

Applications are now open and close on 10 July 2017

More at:
http://au.gsk.com/en-au/research/gsk-award-for-research-excellence/apply-for-the-are-2017

$50,000 Victoria Prize, and Victoria Fellowships now open

Leading Victorian scientists and researchers who have made, or have the potential to make, a significant scientific discovery or technological innovation are encouraged to nominate for the $50,000 Victoria Prize for Science & Innovation.

If you know someone who fits the description nominate them by 2 pm Thursday 22 June 2017

More at: www.veski.org.au/vicprize-criteria

And for those not quite at that stage yet…

Victoria Fellowships provide a travel grant of up to $18,000 for researchers to undertake a short-term overseas study mission to assist in developing a commercial idea; undertaking specialist training; or career development not available in Australia.

Additionally, Fellows can apply for the Australian French Association for Science and Technology (AFAS) Associate Award valued at up to $5,000.

Applications must be received by 2 pm Thursday 22 June 2017

More at: www.veski.org.au/vicfellow-criteria

Are you a Superstar of STEM?

Thirty #womeninscience are being offered support and training to become superstars of STEM and role models for the next generation.

Superstars of STEM will smash society’s gender assumptions about scientists and increase the public visibility of women in STEM.

Science and Technology Australia (STA) are looking for 30 of the nation’s most dynamic scientists and technologists to create role models for young women and girls.

They’ll receive training in advanced communication skills and have opportunities to use them – in the media, on the stage, and in speaking with decision-makers.

Applications close on 23 May and full information is available on the STA website.

France, Guadeloupe, Basse-Terre, Saint-Claude, Sud-Nord du sommet dégagé de la Soufrière, l'Échelle et toute la chaîne volcanique, visibles ensemble quelques jours par an seulement, ici en surplomb de La Citerne, Surnommée vié madanm la en créole guadeloupéen ou la vieille dame en français, est un volcan en activité situé dans le parc national (vue aérienne)

CNRS newsletter May 2017

The CNRS Newsletter for April is available on this link

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Call for projects: Phenomics Infrastructure for Excellence in Plant Science (PIEPS)

The PIEPS scheme is open to all publicly funded researchers and involves access to phenotyping capabilities at the Australian Plant Phenomics Facility (APPF) at a reduced cost to facilitate exceptional research projects. This is an outstanding opportunity to gain access to invaluable expertise and cutting edge technology to accelerate your research project and make a real impact in plant science discovery.

Emphasis is placed on novel collaborations that bring together scientists preferably from different disciplines (e.g. plant physiology, computer science, engineering, biometry, quantitative genetics, molecular biology, chemistry, physics) and from different organisations, within Australia or internationally, to focus on problems in plant science.

Applications close: 30 September 2017

For more information and to apply follow this link or this link

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A researcherhive!

You are a PhD Student or a young researcher interested by pollinator insect decline?

You want to confront your vision with scientists from various fields of expertise?

Join us for a unique experience of cross-science networking!

The Hive of Science for Bees is a 4-day international workshop designed by the Rovaltain Foundation to address the multifactorial aspects of pollinator decline.

The call for participation for the young researchers is now open on this link

All the expenses (travel, accommodation, participation) are taken care of.

 

Dates: 09 – 13 October 2017

Venue:  Pôle Ecotox

Cours Emilie du Chatelet

F-26300 Alixan, France

 

Cover photo of the 2016 Australian National Research Infrastructure Roadmap: a ~ 2.4 billion year old pyrite grain (FeS2)

Australian national roadmap for research infrastructure

On 12 May 2017, the Australian Government has released a comprehensive roadmap outlining the research infrastructure priorities essential for building Australian research excellence into the future. The full document is available here

It makes 9 key recommendations, including the implementation of a coordinated approach to international engagement and the adoption of nine focus areas:

• Digital Data and eResearch Platforms
• Platforms for Humanities, Arts and Social Science
• Characterisation
• Advanced Fabrication and Manufacturing
• Advanced Physics and Astronomy
• Earth and Environmental Systems
• Biosecurity
• Complex Biology
• Therapeutic Development.

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Université Paris-Saclay : revue de presse

The Paris-Saclay University Newsletter is available on this link